A production-oriented tree training in combination with a high fruit quality have always characterized the modern apple production. In the past few decades in addition production-related topics like the application of pesticides and its spray drift, the reduction of machinery use and labour input or the dispensing with herbicides continued to move into the foreground.
In this context traditional training systems are gradually reaching their limits, which is why we are intensively looking for new and innovative ideas to sustainably improve the modern apple production. A main focus in our research lies on the development of alternative tree training systems. Recently our trees, beside the traditional spindle, are also available as Bibaum® or as Guyot-tree.